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Quercus robur f. A taxonomic species within the family Fagaceae – the English or pedunculate oak, native to most of Europe and some western parts of Asia. Also the Bowthorpe Oak in Lincolnshire, England is estimated to be 1000 years old, making it the oldest in the UK, although there is Knightwood Oak in the New Forest that is also said to be as old. The naval associations are strengthened by the fact that oak was the main construction material for sailing warships. Fructus dat aetatem agens septuaginta annos. Ginklasipika han IUCN an species komo diri gud kababarak-an. It has stout branches growing at right angles to the stem, forming a narrow round-topped head. King Saint Louis has been represented rendering justice under an oak tree. O Quercus robur L. (ás veces considerado Quercus pedunculata) coñécese normalmente como carballo común [1], carballo veriño, [2] carballo bravo ou simplemente carballo. Costo artìcol a l'é mach në sbòss. Flora Europaea: Quercus robur 页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆 Bean, W. J. Opis. Distribussion. On young trees and large stems, smooth and light gray. Stilkeg (Quercus robur), Stilk-Eg eller Almindelig eg, er et op til 30 meter højt træ, der i Danmark er almindeligt i skove og krat.Til forskel fra rødeg er bladene kun 10-12 cm lange, mens de til forskel fra vintereg kun har 3-5 par lapper. Open-grown trees do not get as tall, but can develop a stouter trunk, up to 2 m (6 ft 7 in) in diameter. Across western and central Europe, the northern red oak has become the fourth-most significant invasive species, colonizing several regions across Belgium, Germany, Northern Italy, Lithuania, Poland, Ukraine, European Russia[21], the Urals and Western Siberia). It is also found in France and parts of central Europe. Stiel-Eiche, auch: Sommereiche, Deutsche Eiche - Botanisch: Quercus robur - Englisch: Pedunculate oak, English oak, French oak - Familie: Buchengewächse - Giftigkeit: leicht giftig - Die Stieleiche ist die am weitesten verbreitete Eichenart in Mitteleuropa. Quercus robur should not be confused with Q. rubra, the red oak, which is a native of North America and only distantly related. Zur Navigation springen Zur Suche springen Quercus‎ (7 S, 8 D) Familie: Fagaceae (Buchengewächse) Deutscher Name: Stieleiche, Stiel-Eiche Pollengrösse: 33 (29.3-38.1) μm (Medium) Pollenklasse: 13 Tricolpatae mit psilaten, scabraten, verrucaten oder microverrucaten Skulpturen, 13.25 Quercus Pollen: Dreieckig, leicht oblat bis sphäroiod (PoFormI ca. Trees of Britain and Europe.HarperCollins ISBN 0-00-220013-9. Use of # in this list. [10] The various environmental responses observed in Quercus rubra across several temperate environmental conditions have allowed for it to serve as a model organism for studying symbiotic relationships, dispersal, and habituation between tree species. While it may naturally live to an age of a few centuries, many of the oldest trees are pollarded or coppiced, both pruning techniques that extend the tree's potential lifespan, if not its health. Such struck trees would often be turned into places of worship, like the Chêne chapelle. Quercus Ilex, die immergrüne Eiche, Stechpalmeiche oder Steineiche, ist eine große immergrüne Eiche, die im Mittelmeerraum heimisch ist.Es hat seinen Namen von holm, einem alten Namen für holly.Es ist ein Mitglied der Cerris-Sektion der Gattung mit Eicheln, die in einem einzigen Sommer reifen.. Zuchtformen. Дуб чарэшчаты ў Гомельскім парку. (1976). Rushforth, K. (1999). Quercus robur var. Q. robur supports the highest biodiversity of insect herbivores of any British plant (>400 spp). Media in category "Quercus robur in Hesse" The following 36 files are in this category, out of 36 total. Within its native range Q. robur is valued for its importance to insects and other wildlife. [1]Ekar kan bli åtminstone tusen år gamla. Its trunk and secondary branches are very thick and solid and covered with deep-fissured blackish-grey bark. The populations in Italy, southeast Europe, and Asia Minor and the Caucasus are sometimes treated as separate species, Q. brutia Tenore, Q. pedunculiflora K. Koch and Q. haas Kotschy respectively. Proper noun . [25] It is not planted as often as the closely related pin oak as it develops a taproot and quickly becomes difficult to transplant, however modern growing pots have made starting seedlings with taproots easier than in the past. Quercus robur subsp. Lobes are often less deeply cut than most other oaks of the red oak group. Construction uses include flooring, veneer, interior trim, and furniture. The larva feeds on Quercus robur, Quercus petraea, Quercus cerris and Quercus ilex. Seedlings emerge in spring when soil temperatures reach 21 °C (70 °F). The fastigiate oak was originally propagated from an upright tree that was found in central Europe. Quercus ilex, the evergreen oak, holly oak or holm oak, is a large evergreen oak native to the Mediterranean region. Temperies oceanicas mavult, humidiores, et sola cum silicibus et calce orba. Sie besaß schon im Altertum große Symbolkraft. Those conditions are mostly symbols for the conditions Germany is in or going through. Spektrum Akademischer Verlag, Heidelberg 2001 auf spektrum.de, „Wald“ [Fagaceae:] Quercus robur (Stiel-Eiche) [Fagaceae:] Quercus petraea (Trauben-Eiche) [Fagaceae:] Quercus pubescens (Flaum-Eiche) [Fagaceae:] Quercus rubra (Rot-Eiche) [Rosaceae:] [Prunus spinosa (Schlehe)] Die Eiablage erfolgt an die Basis von Knospen, in aller Regel an die Basis von Blütenkospen verschiedener Eichen. f. pedunculiflora (K.Koch) Menitsky: Sie kommt auf der Balkanhalbinsel, auf Kreta auf der Krim und von der Türkei bis zum nordwestlichen Iran vor. : Quercus pedunculata Hoffm. It is California's most drought-tolerant deciduous oak, and is a dominant species in the blue oak woodland ecosystem. In autumn they turn a rich red, sometimes brown. Acorns produced by oaks in this region are typically smaller in size as an adaptation to frost produced in high latitudes; however, the resulting smaller seedlings have produced limited opportunities for animal consumption and dispersal. [19], It was introduced to Europe in the 1700s and has naturalized throughout most of western and central Europe. Species of flowering plant in the beech and oak family Fagaceae. Scoarța stejarului este de culoare brun-negricioasă, aspră, adânc brăzdată, adăpostind adesea o micro-faună activă (în special furnici și anumite specii de gândaci). Quercus robur 7 - Putney Heath Common 2011.08.02.jpg 800 × 600; 118 KB Quercus robur crown.jpg 1,200 × 1,600; 624 KB Quercus robur early flowers.jpg 3,008 × 2,000; 1.53 MB Quercus robur, leaves and nuts. In those works the oak is shown in different situations, with leaves and flowers or dead without any of its previous beauty. The genome of Q. robur has been completely sequenced (GenOak project); a first version was published in 2016. [8] Of maiden (not pollarded) specimens, one of the oldest is the great oak of Ivenack, Germany. They also take two years of growing on the tree before development is completed.[6]. Many common human ailments may also be treated with essential oils created from the tree’s bark. Andricus infectorius is a species of gall-forming wasp. It is a native of North America, in the eastern and central United States and southeast and south-central Canada. × bimundorum, the latter two developed by nurseries in the United States. "Quercus robur" là cây lớn rụng lá, với chu vi của thân cây lớn từ 4–12 m."Q. robur" có lá thùy và gần như không cuống, dài 7–14 cm. Quercus accessiva Gand. Quercus robur est arbor a 20 ad 40 metra alta, caducis foliis praedita. Other related oaks are also cut and marketed as red oak, although their wood is not always of as high a quality. A kocsánytalan tölggyel váltakozva Európa nagy részének uralkodó tölgyfaja. Quercus robur L. subsp. È la quercia più diffusa in Europa, e il suo areale è alquanto vasto. Inhaltsverzeichnis. Trees and shrubs hardy in the British Isles 8th ed., revised. Quercus robur ist der botanische Name für Eiche.Quercus robur ist die lateinische Bezeichnung für eine der 38 Bach Blütenessenzen, nämlich für Oak, die Bachblütenessenz Nr. In addition, limited opportunities for dispersal have become costly for the northern red oak in Europe. [7] Trees may live up to 400 years[8] and a living example of 326 years was noted in 2001. Quercus aestivalis Steven; Quercus afghanistanensis K.Koch; Quercus alligata Gand. Quercus dentata, also called Japanese emperor oak or daimyo oak is a species of oak native to East Asia. L., 1753. Quercus palustris, the pin oak or swamp Spanish oak, is an oak in the red oak section. El Quercus l'è 'l zèner de la famìa botànica de le Fagaceae 'ndóche gh'è dét le piànte che s'è üs ciamà rùer (in Bergamàsch róer - rùer - lùer; en Lombàrt Ucidentàl: rùgura).. Chèsto zèner l'è uriginàre del emisféro nòrt, e gh'è dét piànte che fa crödà le fòie 'n envéren e piànte che le fòie i a té sö. Als Säuleneiche, auch Pyramideneiche, werden verschiedene säulenförmig wachsende Sorten aus der Gattung der Eichen (Quercus) bezeichnet.Häufig ist die Sorte ‚Fastigiata‘ der Stieleiche (Quercus robur) gemeint.Die Seitentriebe wachsen hierbei, ähnlich einer Säulenpappel, straff aufrecht. [28] The heartwood contains triterpene saponins. Many common human ailments may also be treated with essential oils created from the tree’s bark. Utsjånad. The common name "oak" also appears in the names of species in related genera, notably Lithocarpus, as well as in those of unrelated species such as Grevillea robusta and the Casuarinaceae (she-oaks). Consistent photosynthetic activity in the red oak has also been observed in the presence of high carbon dioxide levels that often occur as a result of elevated temperatures. It prefers good soil that is slightly acidic. [12][13][14] Both P. cinnamomi and P. ramorum grow under warmer temperature conditions; as a result, northern red oak trees found in California, France, and northern Spain all have higher incidences of fungal infection. Quercus) und ähnlich die Stieleiche, Q. robur, mit dem es Überlappungen stark im Bereich.Die Blätter sind 7 bis 14 cm lang und 4 bis 8 cm breit, gleichmäßig gelappt mit fünf bis sechs Lappen auf jeder Seite und einem 1 cm langen Blattstiel. It takes its name from holm, an ancient name for holly. ft., 41.25 lbs. Andricus quercuscalicis is a gall wasp species inducing knopper galls. It is also the state tree of New Jersey and the provincial tree of Prince Edward Island. Branchlets slender, at first bright green, shining, then dark red, finally dark brown. In Europe, northern red oak acorns have become food of several moth species, particularly Cydia fagiglandana and Cydia splendana, which increases their niche breadths and reduces their competition with Curculio weevils. Arferiment bibliogràfich për chi a veul fé dj'arserche pì ancreuse. Analysis of oak tannins by liquid chromatography-electrospray ionisation mass spectrometry. The acorns form a valuable food resource for several small mammals and some birds, notably Eurasian jays Garrulus glandarius. [ citation needed ] The Majesty Oak with a circumference of 12.2 m (40 ft 0 in) is the thickest tree in Great Britain, [5] and the Kaive Oak in Latvia with a circumference of 10.2 m (33 ft) is the thickest tree in Northern Europe. Latina: Quercus robur Līvõ kēļ: Täm lietuvių: Paprastasis ąžuolas latviešu: Parastais ozols македонски: Стежер кырык мары: Тум Nederlands: Zomereik norsk nynorsk: Sommareik norsk: Sommereik polski: Dąb szypułkowy پنجابی: پیڈنکلیٹ بلوط português: Carvalho-roble Runa Simi: Rawli Quercus robur L. Quercus robur. English oak is one of the most common park trees in south-eastern Australia, noted for its vigorous, luxuriant growth. The Royal Navy was often described as 'The Wooden Walls of Old England' [25] (a paraphrase of the Delphic Oracle) and the Navy’s official quick march is "Heart of Oak". Base of the coat of arms is decorated with the branches of an oak tree. It is sometimes called the eastern black oak. It is found in all the coastal states from Maine to Texas, inland as far as Michigan, Ontario, Minnesota, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, and eastern Texas. Booklet, published by Birr Castle Demesne, 2000. Fifty Trees of Distinction by Prof. D.A. In the Basque Country (Spain and France) the oak symbolises the traditional Basque liberties. : Quercus pedunculata Hoffm. Sommareik (Quercus robur eller Q. pedunculata Ehrh.) Quercus robur L, 1753: Sinonimi; Quercus pedunculata Ehrh. ), de asemenea numit și stejar pedunculat, este un arbore din zona temperată, înalt, cu ramuri puternice, noduroase, coroană largă și bogată. This has its origins in the oak tree at Boscobel House, where the future King Charles II hid from his Parliamentarian pursuers in 1650 during the English Civil War; the tree has since been known as the Royal Oak. El Quercus robur (u anca: Quercus pendunculata; en Lombàrd ucidentàl: Rùgura; en Lombàrd orientàl: Rùer), anca ciamada in temp andaa Rugura Tudesca (Deutsche Eiche) a l'è un Arbur a Föja de la fameja di Fagaceae.Un mügg de rugur tüt insema 'l vegn ciamaa Ruguree Q. robur subsp. [18] Northern red oak kernels have highly concentrated amounts of tannin, a biochemical known as a predator deterrent and produce a bitter taste, which has limited appeal for consumption among animal species. Les corteces de los Quercus mozos, (de 12 a 20 años, cuantimás de Quercus robur n'Europa y Quercus prinus en Norteamérica, utilizar en terapéutica como astringentes contienen del 16 al 20 % d'acedu tánico. Sie symbolisierte mächtigen Schutz, Kraft und Standhaftigkeit. It is a member of the Cerris section of the genus, with acorns that mature in a single summer. Quercus alba, the white oak, is one of the preeminent hardwoods of eastern and central North America. [21]. typica Quercus robur subsp. El roure pènol (Quercus robur) és un arbre caducifoli molt gran, fins a 40 m. És un arbre corpulent i majestuós que arriba a viure centenars d'anys. [2] [5] [6] IUCN kategoriserar arten globalt som livskraftig. The tree is a hybrid of Quercus roburL. Bark: Dark reddish gray brown, with broad, thin, rounded ridges, scaly. Often simply called red oak, northern red oak is so named to distinguish it from southern red oak (Q. falcata), also known as the Spanish oak. Aus Pollen-Wiki. Fructus dat aetatem agens septuaginta annos. È la quercia più diffusa in Europa, e il suo areale è alquanto vasto. [26] Furthermore, the oak is the most common woodland tree in England. Cracks in drying, but when carefully treated could be successfully used for furniture. Quercus rubra, the northern red oak, is an oak tree in the red oak group. Quercus pubescens, the downy oak or pubescent oak, is a species of white oak native to southern Europe and southwest Asia, from northern Spain (Pyrenees) east to the Crimea and the Caucasus. Bark is brownish gray, becoming dark brown on old trees. Giklaseklase sa IUCN ang espesye sa kinaminosang kalabotan. El carbayu, Quercus robur L. o Quercus pedunculata Ehrh., ye un árbole rixu, recacháu, que pue soperar los 40 metros d'altor, con groma amplia, ovoide, arrondada o irregular y fueya cadoca.Tueru bigardu, curtiu y muy esgrebiu nos exemplares separtaos, les sos zapotes son esgrebies y daqué retorcíes; coriella de cullor buxu o blancucia, mui argayada y de tonalidá parda nos exemplares vieyos. Also used in construction and for interior finish of houses. Wood: Pale reddish brown, sapwood darker, heavy, hard, strong, coarse-grained. Two individuals of notable longevity are the Stelmužė Oak in Lithuania and the Granit Oak in Bulgaria, which are believed to be more than 1500 years old, possibly making them the oldest oaks in Europe; another specimen, called the 'Kongeegen' ('Kings Oak'), estimated to be about 1200 years old, grows in Jaegerspris, Denmark. A blühender, B fruchtender Zweig; bei A ist der zu oberst, nach links, stehende Blütenstand ein weiblicher, die anderen sind männlich. [ citation needed ]Quercus robur has lobed and nearly sessile (very short-stalked) leaves 7–14 cm (3–5 1⁄2 in) long. In England, the English oak has assumed the status of a national emblem. Quercus robur Linné, 1753 − volkstümlicher Name: Stieleiche − ist eine Baumart aus der Gattung Quercus , Familie Fagaceae (Buchengewächse), Ordnung Fagales (Buchenartige). Oak wood, from Quercus robur and Quercus petraea, was used in Europe for the construction of ships, especially naval men of war, until the 19th century, and was the principal timber used in the construction of European timber-framed buildings. It comprises 12 chromosomes pairs, about 26,000 genes and 750 million bp. It is a long-lived oak, native to eastern and central North America and found from Minnesota, Ontario, Quebec, and southern Maine south as far as northern Florida and eastern Texas. Identification of triterpene saponins in Quercus robur L. and Q. petraea Liebl. Quercus rotundifolia was previously thought to be part of this species, but was later moved to its own. Quercus petraea, commonly known as the sessile oak, Cornish oak, Irish Oak or durmast oak, is a species of oak tree native to most of Europe and into Anatolia and Iran. … 1 Verbreitung, Lebensraum und Phänologie; 2 Biologie und Gefährdung; 3 Weiterführende Informationen; 4 Quellen; Verbreitung, Lebensraum und Phänologie. The earlywood displays a vast number of large vessels (around 0.5 mm or 1⁄64 inch in diameter). The Romanian Rugby Union side is known as The Oaks. Quercus velutina, the black oak, is a species of oak in the red oak group, native and widespread in eastern and central North America. Oak branches were displayed on the reverse of coins of the old Deutsche Mark currency (1 through 10 Pfennigs; the 50 Pfennigs coin showed a woman planting an oak seedling), and are now also displayed on the reverse of German-issue Euro currency coins (1 through 5 cents). The genus Quercus is native to the Northern Hemisphere, and includes deciduous and evergreen species extending from cool temperate to tropical latitudes in the Americas, Asia, Europe, and North Africa. Quercus robur is planted for forestry, and produces a long-lasting and durable heartwood, much in demand for interior and furniture work. It is native to most of Europe west of the Caucasus. Quercus douglasii, known as blue oak, is a species of oak endemic to California, common in the Coast Ranges and the foothills of the Sierra Nevada. . Quercus rubra, the northern red oak, is an oak tree in the red oak group (Quercus section Lobatae). John Murray. [3] [4]. The wood of Q. robur is identified by a close examination of a cross-section perpendicular to fibres. En Galicia atopamos diferentes especies dentro do xénero Quercus.Destas as máis importantes son: o carballo común (Quercus robur L.), a especie máis estendida; o carballo negro, cerquiño ou cerqueiro (Quercus pyrenaica Willd.) Red oak wood grain is so open that smoke can be blown through it from end-grain to end-grain on a flat-sawn board. Sommareik er ein av to artar av eik som veks vilt i Noreg. Nombre binomial Quercus robur L., El roble albar o carvallo, Quercus robur L. o Quercus pedunculata Ehrh., es un árbol robusto, de porte majestuoso, que puede superar los 40 metros de altura, con copa amplia, aovada, redondeada o irregular y hoja caduca. Species with evergreen foliage ("live oaks") are tagged #.Note that the change from the deciduous to the evergreen term (or vice versa) has happened on numerous occasions in the genus Quercus, and does not necessarily indicate that the species concerned are closely related.. Subgenus Quercus Section Quercus For this reason, it is subject to moisture infiltration and is unsuitable for outdoor uses such as boatbuilding or exterior trim. It can be found in several paintings of Caspar David Friedrich and in "Of the life of a Good-For-Nothing" written by Joseph Freiherr von Eichendorff as a symbol of the state protecting every citizen. [27] An oak tree has been depicted on the reverse of the pound coin (the 1987 and 1992 issues) and a sprig of oak leaves and acorns is the emblem of the National Trust. × macdanielli, and Two Worlds Oak Q. The acorns mature in about 18 months after, This page was last edited on 9 December 2020, at 02:13. Furthermore, the oak's stem is a symbol for Germany's strength and stability. Quercus robur 'Fastigiata' ("cypress oak"), probably the most common cultivated form, it grows to a large imposing tree with a narrow columnar habit. Over the last few decades, the northern red oak has dealt with several environmental factors, mainly disease, predation by insects, and limited opportunities for dispersal. In Australia, it grows very quickly[ citation needed ] to a tree of 20 m (66 ft) tall by up to 20 m (66 ft) broad, with a low-branching canopy. It is also used for lumber, railroad ties, and fence posts. Numerous insects live on the leaves, buds, and in the acorns. fastigiata(Lam.) Arramon G, Saucier C, Colombani D and Glories Y, Phytochem Anal., November-DEcember 2002, volume 13, issue 6, pages 305-310, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T63532A3126467.en, "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", European Forest Genetic Resources Programme, "Kong Frederik den Syvendes Stiftelse paa Jægerspris", "The Oak Tree, from Peasant Torment to a Unifying Concept of Landscape Management", "Kew: Plants: Turner's Oak, Quercus x turneri", "The Definitive List of British Oak Trees & Their History | EHBP", "The National Inventory of Woodland and Trees - England", Oaks from Bialowieza Forest in Poland (biggest oak cluster with the monumental sizes in Europe) {English}, Monumental Trees, Photos and location details of large English oak trees, Leaves and acorns (note the long acorn stalks). broteroana Schwarz 1936, podería ser un híbrido entre o carballo común Quercus robur e a carbia Quercus petraea. Stejarul (Quercus robur L., Sin. Flowering takes place in mid spring, and the fruit, called acorns, ripen by mid autumn. The fungi, which eventually proliferate at the stumps of deciduous trees, have been found to be host-specific to both Quercus rubra and Quercus montana[19] and primarily promote growth upon infection. 1 Teil eines männlichen Blütenstandes mit 2 Blüten; 2 männliche Blütenhülle; 3a und 3b Staubbeutel; 4 desgleichen der Quere nach durchschnitten; 5 weibliche Blüte; 6 Eichel; 7 dieselbe der Quere nach durchschnitten. Est monoica species. Животът му може да надхвърли 1000 години. Nomi comuni Quercia, Farnia Areale; La farnia (Quercus robur L., detta comunemente quercia) è un albero a foglie decidue appartenente alla famiglia delle Fagacee. Especies en Galicia. It grows from the north end of the Great Lakes, east to Nova Scotia, south as far as Georgia, Mississippi, Alabama, and Louisiana, and west to Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska, and Minnesota. Stejarul (Quercus robur L., Sin. ), de asemenea numit și stejar pedunculat, este un arbore din zona temperată, înalt, cu ramuri puternice, noduroase, coroană largă și bogată. It grows west of the Sierra Nevada mountain range from Mendocino County, California, south to northern Baja California in Mexico. Besonderheiten, Alter. The highest density of Q. robur with a circumference of 4 m (13 ft) and more is in Latvia. O. Schwarz and Quercus bicolorWilld. Quality red oak is of high value as lumber and veneer, while defective logs are used as firewood. Essa è la specie tipo del genere Quercus. The name of the tree is often translated as "sweet oak" in English to distinguish it from Western varieties.

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